Health care is a serious business, especially for seniors. Weight loss in the elderly correlates strongly with morbidity and mortality rates. Numerous studies of elderly entering the hospital point to significant under-nutrition before hospitalization. At 13% of the total U.S. population, older Americans already account for 49% of all days of hospital care and 50% of all physician hours.
Xerostomia (lack of salivation) affects more than 70% of the elderly and this significantly affects nutrient intake. Did you know that people who wear dentures chew 75-85% less efficiently than those with natural teeth? Proper nutrition care in the elderly is an essential component of quality of life. At Annex, we not only provide a 5 cycle menu to Assisted Living Facilities, we perform nutrition assessment and continuation of care to your elderly residents.
Did you know 1 teaspoon of salt contains 2400mg sodium which represents 100% of the daily value? The average American consumes more than 4000mg sodium each day.
There is a strong link between high sodium intake and high blood pressure.
High blood pressure, medically known as hypertension is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke. It also affects the eyes and kidneys.
The Centers for Disease Control report that approximately 1 in four adults in the United States has high blood pressure.
High blood pressure is a silent killer because there are usually no symptoms, and a person that is not treated may suffer years of serious physical damage without ever knowing it.
Blood pressure should be less than 130/80. High blood pressure is >140/90 and should be treated.
How to Reduce Your Sodium Intake
1. Do not use salt at the table.
2. Limit fast foods and processed foods as these are high in both fat and sodium.
3. Spice food with herbs and vinegar.
4. Read food labels and avoid foods containing excess sodium.
· Always start with a good breakfast - high fiber cereal, whole grain and fresh fruit. Best to
buy cereal in individual serving size.
· Do not skip meals or planned snacks - include three small meals and two low fat, low
· Read food labels - snacks should be no more than 140 calories per serving
· Choose skim or 1% milk or milk products.
· Use smaller plates and when you are full, stop eating.
· Go easy on meats and nuts, these are high in fat and calories.
· Bake, broil, steam or boil –limit fried foods.
· Make friends with fruits and SUPERSIZE your vegetables.
. Increase physical activity
. Don't deprive yourself of your favorite high calorie foods- include those once in a while in
Healthy eating means controlling your portions, fat, sodium and calorie intake.